Live Blood Analysis Training

Is Live Blood Analysis/The Oxidative Stress Test For You & Your Practice?

A very interesting webinar to demonstrate and explain how live blood analysis and the oxidative stress test can be of great benefit to you and your practice

Please watch this very interesting video/webinar that demonstrates and explains how live blood analysis and the oxidative stress test can be of great help in your practice by helping you to find health imbalances. Live blood analysis can also be invaluable for monitoring the efficacy of treatment and protocols.

More information on live blood analysis:

The microscopic evaluation of live and dry blood is an indispensable technique used to assess health and a multitude of factors related to poor health at the cellular level. Its history goes back more than 60 years along with the history of the microscope and like the microscope, it is still developing today.
Several independent researchers from across the world have spent hours behind their microscopes, analyzing thousands of samples and making careful observations about the differences between healthy and unhealthy blood specimens, correlating their findings with clinical symptoms and conditions.
What we have gained from all their hard work is a technique unparalleled in its accuracy and unmatched in its reliability.
It has steadily grown in popularity among natural health practitioners worldwide by virtue of the insight it is able to provide on the body’s internal environment, which we refer to as the ‘terrain’.

More information on the oxidative stress test:

Another test used in conjunction with the live blood test to give us a more complete picture of the state of the terrain is the Oxidative Stress Test (OST).
In this test we analyze a series of samples taken from one drop of blood and allowed to dry.
Here we look at coagulated blood to give us information on deeper, more chronic imbalances and possible degenerative patterns.
Through the different patterns of coagulation we are able to see the effect of acid wastes, toxins and other substances on the system and determine which parts of the body are holding toxins and therefore at risk of degenerative disease.

If you are a practitioner, live and dry blood analysis will add another dimension to your practice!
No other device or form of analysis has such a dramatic impact on patient compliance and interest in their own health.
This test is being used by some of the most renowned natural practitioners around the world, due to its high level of reliability and its usefulness in testing different treatment protocols.

You will find more information on our microscopes here
Please contact us if this would be of interest to you
Blood Drop

A Typical Live Blood Analysis Case

A male client of 54 years of age who is on medication for high blood pressure and arthritis. He is complaining of fatigue, headaches and sinus problems.

His diet is not very balanced and includes a lot of sandwiches, wheat-based cereal and some fast food. He drinks 2 glasses water daily on average, some soft drinks and coffee.

This is what showed in his live blood analysis:

Uric Acid

Uric Acid Crystals

Grade: 4/5

These occur as a result of poor digestion of dietary protein and/or poor elimination of uric acid. The system is acidic and some degree of inflammation may be present.

Grade: 4/5
Indicative of oxidative damage / free radical damage from a state of toxicity and/or dehydration. Poor elimination of intrinsic toxins / high exposure to extrinsic toxins / pollutants, drugs / prescription medicine

Grade: 2/5
Usually associated with chronic conditions and the presence of bacterial phases of the ecological balance. This is due to an acidic and unbalanced terrain.

Grade: 4/5
Represent advanced parasitism and ecological imbalance, due to a chronically acidic and unbalanced terrain

Bowel Pattern
Observed in Layers 6, 7 Grade: 3/5
This appearance is seen with bowel challenges that may include bowel inflammation (colitis, enteritis), leaky gut syndrome, strictures, diverticula, IBS and poor tissue integrity.

Segmented PPP’s
Observed in Layers: 6, 7
Grade: 2/5
Usually associated with parasitic infestation of the liver – usually by liver flukes.

Sialic Acid in PPP 
Observed in Layers: 4, 5 & 6
Grade: 2/5
This pattern is connected to a high level of cellular damage through oxidation / free radical damage. There may be connective tissue or joint problems and possible degeneration.

Toxicity Pattern 
Observed in Layers: 4, 5 & 6
Grade: 4/5 
This is an indication of toxicity in areas outside of the organs and lymphatic system.

Connective Tissue Pattern
Observed in Layer 3 
Grade: 4/5
An indication of high levels of acidity / toxicity in the connective tissues. Usually a coping mechanism to deal with chronic acidity / toxicity

Lymphatic Congestion
Observed in Layers: 1 & 2 
Grade: 4/5
An indication of lymphatic congestion, sore or swollen lymph nodes (‘glands’) fluid imbalance and water retention. Connected to acids & toxins in the lymphatic system.


Many years of prescription medication has left a print of toxicity in this clients system, as evident in both the live and dry blood analysis.
An abundance of poikilocytes and a brownish uric acid crystal shows toxicity.
This was echoed with a toxicity pattern appearing in 3 layers of the dry blood along with the “toxins outside of organs” region and also lymphatic congestion, indicating toxins being deposited in the tissue.
There are also strong signs of acidity which would be contributing to his joint pain and inflammation.
Uric acid crystals, thecits and actively motile chondrits indicate that his internal terrain is unbalanced and possibly becoming too acidic.
In the dry blood, seeing sialic acid inside the PPPs show further evidence to acidity that would cause joint pain.
A segmented PPP and black bulges indicate the possibility of parasite infestation (most likely liver flukes).


Quite a lot can be achieved here by some basic dietary changes, like increasing water intake, eating more of a natural, balanced diet and avoiding fast foods, alcohol and caffeine.
We suggested a 2-week detox diet, (with fresh juicing if possible).

Adding lots of alkaline vegetables to his diet and an alkaline-forming supplement, such as Chlorella, Barley grass or an Alkalizing powder.
His unhealthy lifestyle choices has influenced his health and he needs motivation to change his habits radically.
Live Blood Analysis provided the visual proof needed which gave him the motivation to make changes.
Most importantly we looked at an anti-parasite protocol to clear those liver flukes.
The flukes release toxins and acidic by-products, which would aggravate the other anomalies and add to the acidity.

Join us for the Fascinating Live Blood Analysis Online Training Course Now!


Anisocytes as seen in the Live Blood Analysis Training Course – often associated with B12 deficiency and a common cause of fatigue.

 Anisocytes – often associated with B12 deficiency

We are now on week 4 of the Live Blood Analysis Training Course and studying anisocytes – often associated with B12 deficiency and a common cause of fatigue.

Our tutor explains that the fatigue is due to 2 factors:

1) Vitamin B12 deficiency causes anemia, which then reduces the amount of oxygen that can be carried by the red blood cells which can result in fatigue.

2) The change in size of the cell also leads to fatigue:

A normal RBC is usually 6-8 microns in size and the diameter a capillary is 5-10 microns. Gas exchange is facilitated by close contact between the RBC membranes and the capillary wall as the RBCs squeeze to pass through.

This squeezing effect does not occur when the RBCs are smaller than normal as they simply slip through.

Larger than normal RBCs fold to pass through, which also reduces contact with the capillary wall.

So the RBCs can’t carry as much oxygen as they should, due to a reduced haemoglobin level, and they can’t exchange the oxygen they do carry because they’re not the optimal size for gas exchange at a cellular level.

More info on Anisocytes:


Red blood cells that vary in size, some larger than normal (Macrocytes) and some smaller than normal (Microcytes).


In normal live samples all the RBCs should generally be the same size. Anisocytosis is significant if the RBCs exhibit more than the normal variation of size with the presence of microcytes and/or macrocytes.


♦ Vitamin B12 and folic acid deficiency. ♦ Iron deficiency (microcytes and target cells). ♦ Liver disease. ♦ Poor absorption. ♦ Food allergy. ♦ Megaloblastic anaemia, pernicious anaemia and aplastic anaemia.   ♦ Hypothyroidism.

Associated Symptoms:  

♦ Lassitude ♦ Dizziness ♦ Weakness ♦ Poor concentration ♦ Pallor  ♦ Shortness of breath ♦ Increased heart rate ♦ Palpitations

Medical Perspective:

Macrocytes in substantial numbers are observed in patients with megaloblastic anemias (vitamin B12 and folic acid deficiency), often with considerable anisocytosis (with some microcytes present as well).

In addition, macrocytes may be prominent in individuals with erythroleukemia, myelodysplastic disorders, acquired sideroblastic anemia and with antimetabolite or androgen drug therapy.

A lesser degree of macrocytosis is seen commonly in alcoholic patients. Macrocytosis may also be seen in individuals with a high reticulocyte count.

A predominance of hypochromic microcytic cells is found in iron deficiency anemia, thalassemia, and hereditary sideroblastic anemia and in some patients with the anemia of chronic disease and with lead intoxication.

For individuals with mild anemia, the degree of microcytosis is usually substantially greater in patients with thalassemia minor than those with iron deficiency.


♦ Sublingual vitamin B12 – 1000ug daily (e.g. Solgar: vitamin B12) ♦ Folic acid and/or vitamin B-Complex ♦ Chelated Iron supplement (when target cells observed) ♦ Trace minerals ♦ Chlorophyll-rich foods: Chlorella, spirulina, wheat grass juice / powder, barley grass juice / powder, alfalfa tablets, green leafy vegetables, blackstrap molasses, beetroot, beansprouts.

Anisocytosis is almost always associated with nutritional deficiencies that can be corrected by optimal nutrition, unless the problem is genetic.

Emphasis is placed on the supplements listed above, as well as the dietary recommendations.

Generally, the more severe anemias are accompanied by the most severe anisocytosis, which are often seen in severe hepatic degeneration.

If severe anisocytosis is noted, correlate with the other clinical information and the dried layered test to establish the probability of liver disease.

Consider sending the patient for a LFT (Liver Function Test) and an abdominal ultrasound to determine the nature and extent of liver disease.

From here, a natural treatment approach can be planned and implemented.  

Copyright Dr Okker R. Botha, Johannesburg, South Africa, 2009

Sticky blood

Sticky Blood – Rouleau

Rouleau is French for “rolls”. The term has been derived from the appearance of the RBCs in this condition. Strings of overlapping RBC’s. RBC’s stacked on top of one another (above left). Normal RBC’s on the right.



♦ Digestive Imbalance / Intestinal Stress
♦ This is the worst stage of protein linkage and indicates hyperviscosity (“thick blood”). This stems from either excess dietary protein or from an under-active exocrine pancreas (low proteolytic enzyme production).
♦ Irritable bowel syndrome, colitis.
♦ Eating the wrong foods for the blood type, e.g. wheat consumption by type O’s, beef consumption by type A’s, etc.  
♦ Food sensitivities.
♦ Intestinal dysbiosis (deficient probiotic bacteria).  
♦ Can be an indication of severe degenerative disease.  
♦ Other causes may include: stress, coffee, cigarettes, carbonated caffeinated drinks, excess meat and refined sugar.  
♦ Zeta potential may be off (inflammation, over-acidity and increased protein level in blood).
♦ Dehydration, not drinking enough water.  

Associated Symptoms:

♦ Poor appetite or a heavy/bloated sensation after eating or getting full very quickly.  
♦ Heartburn, indigestion or reflux after eating.  
♦ Abdominal discomfort, bloating, flatulence, especially getting worse during the course of the day.  
♦ Constipation / diarrhoea.
♦ Patients with significant rouleau usually complain of fatigue, shortness of breath and signs poor circulation (cold hands and feet, tingling or numbness). This is because the RBCs ability to pass through the tiny capillaries in single file is severely compromised when they are stacked on top of each other. The available surface area for the exchange of gases is also significantly reduced.  
Pleomorphic Perspective: 

The primary parasitic element of the blood, the endobiont, in its many different forms, possesses an inherent urge to merge. When red blood cells become infested with the higher valence growth forms of the primary parasite, their urge to merge pulls the RBCs together. Copulation between high valence microorganisms on adjacent RBC membranes account for the rouleau formations.

Rouleau is known to be associated with increased ESR, which correlates with hyperviscosity of the blood. Mucor racemosus Fresen is known as the congester as its pathogenic growth forms increase blood viscosity and coagulation.
When the RBCs are stuck together the indentations provide an undisturbed environment and nutritional reserves for the upward development of the endobient.

The valence of the microorganisms can be determined by pressing lightly on the cover slip with a pointed object like the tip of a pen. This pressurization of the sample will break up the RBCs and release higher growth forms hidden in and on the cells.   
Medical Perspective:

Peripheral blood smears display rouleau when factors that increase ESR (erythrocyte sedimentation rate) are present. The ESR is increased by any cause or focus of inflammation and is therefore regarded as a non-specific indication of inflammation.  
The ESR is governed by the balance between pro-sedimentation factors (mainly fibrinogen) and those factors resisting sedimentation, namely the negative charge of the erythrocytes (zeta potential). When an inflammatory process is present, the increase in fibrinogen, α-globulins, and/or β-globulins in the blood causes red blood cells to stick to each other by interacting with the sialic acid on the RBC surface.


The red cells form stacks called ‘rouleau’ that settle faster.  
The presence of massive rouleau can be detrimental to patients suffering from occlusive vascular diseases as it causes impairment of blood flow in the small vessels that can compromise the red blood cells’ ability to exchange carbon dioxide and oxygen gases. This results in localized hypoxia and acidosis as well as generalized fatigue and less than optimum performance.
Rouleau formation plays a specific role in the pathogenesis of some disease. Plasma fibrinogen and Immunoglobulins are some of the potent rouleau-inducing agents. Some industrial poisons such as benzene, parathion & carbon tetrachloride not only increase this phenomenon but also cause thrombotic and hemorrhagic manifestations as well.

Patients suffering from allergies, infections and severe trauma may exhibit rouleau.


Anemia, by increasing the ratio of RBCs to plasma, increases rouleau formation and accelerates sedimentation. Rouleau formation can also occur in association with some lymphoproliferative disorders in which one or more immunoglobulins are secreted in high amounts. Rouleau formation can, however, be a normal physiological finding in horses, cats and pigs.
Rouleau of erythrocytes is related to very high serum protein concentrations, generally due to multiple myeloma or to macroglobulinemia. It is also frequently found in many disease states ranging from arthritis, diabetes, myocardial infarction and in patients with increased alcohol intake.  

♦ Reduce intake of dietary animal protein to 1g per kg body weight per day (e.g.: a 70kg adult should not exceed 70g animal protein daily).
♦ Do not consume animal protein and simple starch in the same meal.
♦ Eat meals while sitting down, do not rush while eating – remember to chew properly.
♦ Follow the diet relevant to the blood type.
♦ Identify and avoid hidden food sensitivities.  
♦ Avoid caffeine, stop smoking.
♦ Test and correct Homocysteine.
♦ Increase water intake. To determine necessary daily water intake (in litres): (Weight in kg ÷ 8) x 0.25. 

A combination of the following:

♦ Digestive enzymes Digestive enzymes Digestive enzymes Digestive enzymes  taken with main meals.  
♦ Betaine Hydrochloride with Pepsin with meals.
♦ Probiotic supplement Probiotic supplement Probiotic supplement Probiotic supplement.
♦ Herbal bitters (e.g. Gentiana) taken before meals. The following is a very effective formula to stimulate digestive enzyme, bile and HCl secretion:  
Gentian, Calamus, Dandelion, Centaury, Aniseed, Mugwort and Licorice.  
♦ TCM: Si Jun Zi Tang, Bao He Wan, or other digestive formula appropriate to the pattern present in the case.
♦ Vitamin B3, as non-flush Niacin (1000mg daily). Niacin helps to remove excess protein and saturated fat from the blood and stimulates hydrochloric acid production by the stomach.
♦ Trace minerals.     
♦ SANUM: Fortakehl, followed by Mucokehl.  


Copyright Dr Okker R. Botha, Johannesburg, South Africa, 2009

Live Blood Online

Could Live Blood Analysis help you and your clients too?

Watch this short video where our tutor at Live Blood Online Dr Okker explains some of the huge benefits of adding live blood analysis to your practice.

How Live Blood Analysis can help you in your practice

Here are the top 5 benefits LBA has to offer:

  1. Live Blood Analysis or LBA helps to confirm and better detect imbalances and health issues.
  2. It helps you decide the best course of treatment.
  3. With LBA you are able to monitor the results of any given treatment.
  4. LBA gives you a as a practitioner, a very unique and powerful edge.
  5. Live blood analysis can show issues not yet manifested with symptoms.

New Blood Analysis Online Training Course Starting Tue Sept 27th


If you have any questions about the short video, feel free to email us at
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For more updates on Live Blood Analysis, you may also like us on Facebook: @LiveBloodLondon

Live Blood Analysis Course

Live Blood Analysis Course – Choosing The Best Training course

Choosing the best live blood analysis course:

There are a number of live blood analysis courses available, either on line or at training centres. So, how do you choose the best one for you?

Dr Okker from Live Blood Online has been practicing practising and teaching live blood analysis for 15 years now and has trained many successful practitioners all around the world. We asked him for his advice on finding the best training course and what to look out for.

Is the organisation well known and recognised? Choose to train with a well-known establishment that has trained many practitioners, do they have a directory or list of attendees? Is the tutor well known and established?

What is being offered? You should expect to receive wall charts, a substantial and well written manual, good clear, concise training covering naturopathic, pleomorphic and allopathic perspectives. Ask about what on-going support is provided and what will be required for certification. Will the establishment be able to list you as a practitioner who has trained with them? Microscope and equipment advice should be available.

What does the course cover? Make sure the training covers use of the microscope, correct sampling techniques for live and dried/dry blood analysis, all of the anomalies in live and dry/dried blood analysis as well as showing how to join the dots and put it all together to get a clear and precise picture of what is being viewed.

How is it being taught?  Is the training In-House or Online Training? Dr Okker advises that online training has the edge over in-house training for a few reasons; 1) In house training often involves expensive travel and accommodation as well as being tiring when you need to be at your most alert. In-house training courses are very intensive and you need to be alert and ready to take notes or use your memory. 2) Online training offers the huge advantage of being able to study from your home, office or practice at your leisure without the expense of travel & accommodation. Another big advantage is that you are provided with videos of the lessons so you are able to go over the material as many times as you like, a much better way of learning than struggling to take notes and/or remember as at in-house training.

Do they offer help and advice on choosing the right microscope? This is a big investment and the right advice here is very important to avoid any costly mistakes. Does the establishment have a microscope expert on board?

Is Dark field & Bright field microscopy taught? In Dr Okkers view dark field microscopy is superior to phase contrast as some anomalies can only be seen by a good quality darkfield system and not seen by phase contrast.

Ask about your tutors experience: Look for an establishment that has a well-known tutor with lots of experience (preferably a live blood analysis practitioner) as well as being a good teacher.

Certification: Do they provide a certificate after the training course? Is it recognised by insurance co’s?

Accreditation & Recognition; Are they a member of a recognised body or organisation? Look for membership of naturopathic bodies such as the CMA Complementary Medical Association (UK).

Do they offer back up and support? Dr Okker advises to look for training where on-going support is offered after training– maybe through access to a private group, a training site or some form of continuing back-up.

Dr Okker Botha: Masters: Homeopathy (M.Tech. Hom), HID – Naturopathy (SNSH UK) Adv. Nutrition (SNHS UK), Adv. Applied Microscopy for Nutritional Evaluation & Correction (NuLife Sciences).

Dr Okker Botha is a registered homeopathic doctor who has established himself as a leader in Live and Dry Blood Analysis. He is the tutor at Live Blood Online where the course draws on information from the leading researchers in microscopic blood analysis in the world.

He has over 15 years experience in his live blood analysis clinical practice as well as training many practitioners world-wide in this exciting technique.

Dr Okker is considered one of the leading authorities in the field of Live Blood Analysis.

“Our blood analysis courses are training systems for those who want to learn how to use blood analysis to its full potential.”

Due to the lack of comprehensive training in many countries across the world, many practitioners are under-utilizing this amazing technique.

Darkfield Microscopy

Dark Field Microscopy

Dark Field microscopy is a microscope illumination technique used to observe unstained samples causing them to appear brightly lit against a dark, almost purely black, background.

When light hits an object, rays are scattered in all directions. The design of the dark field microscope is such that it removes the dispersed light so that only the scattered beams hit the sample.

The introduction of a condenser and/or stop below the stage ensures that these light rays will hit the specimen at different angles, rather than as a direct light source above/below the object.

The result is a “cone of light” where rays are diffracted, reflected and/or refracted off the object, ultimately, allowing you to view a specimen in dark field.

A dark field microscope is ideal for viewing objects that are unstained, transparent and absorb little or no light.

These specimens often have similar refractive indices as their surroundings, making them hard to distinguish with other illumination techniques.

Dark field can be used to study marine organisms such as algae and plankton, diatoms, insects, fibres, hairs, yeast, live bacterium, protozoa as well as cells and tissues and is ideal for live blood analysis enabling the practitioner to see much more than is possible with other lighting methods.

Live Blood Cell Analysis

Could Live Blood Cell Analysis Be A Good Addition To Your Complementary Health Practice?

Live blood cell analysis, the analysis of live unmodified capillary blood, was pioneered by several independent researchers worldwide and has evolved over the course of many years with the advancement of microscopy. Some focused only on the nutritional aspects of blood morphologies, others approached it within a medical frame of reference, whilst others made staggering discoveries that defied (and continue to defy) the accepted paradigms of modern medicine.
If you were to look at their findings, you would see that although there are differences in opinion, there is also a central truth that was proven and uncovered by all of the researchers: that the human body (which is a natural system) cannot live with an unnatural diet and lifestyle.
As practitioners of natural medicine this concept naturally resonates with us.
However, most patients are not convinced of this and hold on to the delusion that you can fool or cheat nature. They believe that you can take a pill to counter and cure almost anything – and continue to eat what you like!

Most people will not follow the advice you give them and need visual proof that their unnatural habits are having a negative impact on their health.
Live blood analysis allows you to do just that. Read more

The History of Live Blood Analysis

The History of Live Blood Analysis

The History of Live Blood Analysis

The history of live blood analysis goes back more than 100 years to the works of prominent scientists Antoine Béchamp (1816-1908), Professor Günther Enderlein (1872-1968) and Claude Bernard (1813 -1878) Read more

Live Blood Online Course

Live Blood Analysis Interactive Training Course

We have just finished the September 2015 course this week. For the last 3 weeks we have been studying test cases from our students as well as some of Dr Okkers own test cases, all very interesting and lots to learn. Read more