Parasites in Live Blood Analysis


(In live blood analysis parasites are indicated by small black bulges that can be signs of toxins left behind by parasites)

According to the August 2000 issue of Discover magazine, most people have multiple parasites inhabiting their bodies. Recent research has shown that parasites are much more powerful than scientists originally believed. In fact, it seems parasites far outnumber any other living creatures. Our bodies are systems whose functions depend on communication between cells. It alarms scientists greatly that parasites are able to inhibit this communication, and thus seriously harm our bodily systems.

Parasites may be present in food or in water and can cause disease.
Ranging in size from tiny, single-celled organisms to worms visible to the naked eye, parasites are more and more frequently being identified as causes of food borne illness not only in third world countries but Western countries as well.
The illnesses they can cause range from mild discomfort to debilitating illness and possibly death.
It has been reported that 90{0ad5881c2192913025db5bf2180b2e0b17ede26560c7c351a451156c0b06bc98} of the world population has at least one form of parasite living in their body!
They live and feed off the host.
Parasites can deprive us of vitamins, nutrients, and amino acids, alter our natural pH levels, decrease our energy levels and create an acidic environment in the body.
Once a person is infected it is not too difficult to eliminate the adult parasites.
The more difficult part is dealing with the life cycle of the parasites which can take a considerable amount of time to accomplish.

What are parasites?

Parasites are organisms that derive nourishment and protection from other living organisms known as hosts. They may be transmitted from animals to humans, from humans to humans, or from humans to animals. Several parasites have emerged as significant causes of foodborne and waterborne disease. These organisms live and reproduce within the tissues and organs of infected human and animal hosts, and are often excreted in feces.

How are they transmitted?
They may be transmitted from host to host through consumption of contaminated food and water, or by putting anything into your mouth that has touched the stool (feces) of an infected person or animal.
How do they vary?
Parasites are of different types and range in size from tiny, single-celled, microscopic organisms (protozoa) to larger, multi-cellular worms (Helminths) that may be seen without a microscope.
What are some common parasites?
Some common parasites are Giardia duodenalis, Cryptosporidium parvum, Cyclospora cayetanensis, Toxoplasma gondii, Trichinella spiralis, Taenia saginata (beef tapeworm), and Taenia solium (pork tapeworm).
Parasites include ringworm, roundworms, tapeworms, microbial growth and their eggs.
There are many ways in which parasites can enter the body: through food that has not been properly washed, infected meat, water, pets, dirt under fingernails, and also through the skin (Hookworm).
Once the infection of parasites takes place they begin to multiply rapidly.
One of the most common symptoms of parasites is fatigue as a result of the parasites feeding upon the host—YOU! They can steal vital nutrients from the body which can result in compromised health and a compromised immune system.
 The typical life cycle of a parasite starts with ingestion of eggs by the host.
Parasites typically like a warm, dark and moist environment. They hatch and then invade the intestinal wall.
Some will migrate to other parts of the body and some will migrate to the anal part of the body.
Some adult parasites can live in the host body for up to two years.
During this time as many as 50,000 eggs may be deposited.
While in the body the parasites feed off of ingested food and even nutritional supplements.
They also have an elimination process which means that they actually “go to the bathroom” in the host body.

Parasite Eggs

Once a person is infected it is not too difficult to eliminate the adult parasites. The more difficult part is dealing with the life cycle of  the parasite which can take a considerable amount of time to accomplish

What is your or your clients current risk for parasites?

According to The Finchley Clinic research you can gauge your clients current risk according to their symptoms and precursors:

Count all of the symptoms and precursors to see how many your client has!

  • Bloating
  • Foggy Memory
  • Food Cravings
  • Mild Nagging Headache
  • Anal Itching
  • Insomnia
  • Bronchitis
  • Tiny Red Abrasions That Itch
  • Rash
  • Irritable or Grumpy
  • Pet or bird in the house
  • Eat Sushi
  • Malabsorption
  • Gas
  • Allergies
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
  • Abdominal Cramping
  • Anemia
  • Candida
  • Coughing
  • Fever
  • Restlessness
  • Crave Sweets
  3 or less of the above symptoms the health risk is medium.
  4-7 of the above symptoms the health risk is high.
  7 or more of the above symptoms the health risk extremely high.
Truth About Cancer

The Truth About Cancer

Yes, you read that right…

The World Health Organization has stated that 1 in 2 men and 1 in 3 women alive today will face a cancer diagnosis.

It’s practically guaranteed that cancer will affect you, me, our kids, our parents, our best friends, our spouses…

It’s a sad thought, but it’s the reality we’re facing.

Cancer is a pandemic of global proportions. People’s lives are at stake. They’re dying due to ignorance and misinformation about cancer treatment options.

The Truth About Cancers mission is to educate the world, expose the lies, and eradicate cancer via empowering people with life-saving knowledge and truth relating to all types of cancer treatments.

We will not stop until the entire world is educated and empowered with the knowledge of the truth about cancer.

We’re trying to do our part to make a difference and would love your help and support.

Event Dates: October 5th – 7th, 2017

More information coming soon…

Heavy Metal Toxicity

Heavy Metal Toxicity as seen in Live Blood Analysis

Heavy Metal Toxicity as Seen in Live Blood Analysis


Heavy Metal Toxicity is seen in Live Blood Analysis as black points at the edge of the layer, or as a dark shore or waves.

Cause & Interventions:

Heavy metal toxicity can be a result of the environment (pollution, contaminated food, water or air, smoking and passive smoking) and also dental amalgam fillings.

Points at the edge of the layer usually indicate the presence of lead and/or amalgams.

Dark waves deeper into the layer indicate that metals are being held in the fatty tissues, brain and nervous system, which is associated with an increased risk of Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and Multiple Sclerosis (MS).


Possible symptoms include: Muscular pain and weakness, decreased cognitive function, poor memory and concentration, fatigue, sore/bleeding gums.


Chelation therapy, chlorella, selenium, and have amalgams removed professionally or replaced with non metal alternatives.

More information can be found in Live Blood Onlines 500+ page manual that is included in the Live Blood Online training course more information here

For more information on this fascinating training course please email us for an info pack

The ‘Pretend Fast’?

 By Jackie Newson

Fasting is all the rage these days due to a swathe of highly published research that proves the numerous health and weight loss benefits associated with restricting food intake. There are many different types of fasting methods, the more popular being intermittent fasting, time restricted fasting, juice fasting and water fasting.

However the fasting mimicking diet (FMD) which may not be as well known, is gaining popularity. This ‘pretend’ fast appears to have all the health benefits of water fasting but none of the hardship.

Origins of Fasting

Fasting is an ancient healing tradition that has been practised by virtually all cultures and religions for centuries. References to fasting can be found in the Bible, the Koran and in ancient Greek texts and was often referred to as cleansing or purifying. Hippocrates – considered the father of modern medicine, championed fasting as part of the natural therapies he recommended.

Animals in a natural environment instinctively turn to fasting when they feel ill, curing themselves with sunlight, fresh air, rest and fasting. Humans, like most animals, also have no desire to eat when they become sick. Perhaps this is why fasting is known as the ‘physician within’, or as Arnold Ehret called it – nature’s bloodless operating table.

Aside from the religious and spiritual significance, fasting has been used by physicians throughout millennia as a therapy for numerous health conditions. The belief being that nature is the greatest healer and the body has its own innate healing powers that can prevent disease and regain good health. By fasting we tap into something that is deeply, intrinsically beneficial to the body and spirit.

Naturopaths uphold this belief, maintaining that fasting enables nature to perform a cleansing in the body without being hindered by the additional load of food to digest. Therefore the digestive organs are given a well needed rest, enabling the body to detoxify, carry out repairs and work more efficiently.

Recent research has identified that fasting triggers adaptive cellular responses which reduce oxidative damage and inflammation as well as optimizing energy metabolism.

According to animal studies intermittent or periodic fasting – as practised with water fasting or FMD protects against diabetes, asthma, obesity, high blood pressure multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis. It also has the potential to delay ageing by reprogramming metabolic and stress resistance pathways.

The Value of Water Fasting

Cleansing and fasting are integral to a holistic approach to healing as practised by many complementary and alternative health practitioners.

Naturopathic medicine honours the body’s innate wisdom to heal, utilizing the most natural, least toxic and least invasive therapies to treat ill health and promote wellness. Cleansing and detoxifying by fasting is part of a naturopaths toolbox and where appropriate water fasting may be employed to encourage healing.

Many health problems today are associated with dietary excesses, in particular sugar, animal fats and animal proteins as well as smoking and the use of alcohol, caffeine and refined food products.

Making dietary and lifestyle changes can help to reduce the likelihood of medical intervention, however many people find it difficult to adhere to long term diet and lifestyle changes.

Fasting in a safe and supported environment can produce rapid changes that could help some individuals to get back on track to healthy living, and may also enable some to break free from patterns of emotional eating.

What Does Water Fasting involve?

Water only fasting, by definition is the withholding of all substances except pure water for spiritual, health, or other reasons in an environment of complete rest.

Exercise is discouraged to preserve energy and allow optimum adaptation to the fasting state. The fast can last for anything from half a day up to as much as 40 days.

Water fasting is designed to give a break to the digestive system, freeing up energy so the body can repair itself. The quantity of water ingested during a fast is determined by thirst.  It is important to drink several glasses of water daily to prevent dehydration – between 9 to 13 cups are recommended.

What are the Benefits?

Therapeutic water fasting provides an opportunity for the body to re-boot itself by removing irritants, whether they be food, drugs, microbes or toxins and give the body time to heal itself.

We are constantly exposed to toxins, from the air we breathe to the food we eat and even as a by-product of metabolism. These toxins cause irritation and inflammation throughout the body.

It is now known that chronic inflammation is the cause of many of the modern world’s common diseases, diabetes, cancer, arthritis, obesity etc.

Water-only fasting encourages a unique biological adaptation which produces a rapid healing response. This can be quite vigorous which is why fasting can sometimes be an intense and often unpleasant experience. The body is able to rapidly eliminate toxic products so changes appear very quickly.

What might normally take months with careful feeding can happen within days or weeks with water fasting. However, fasting should not be seen as a cure it is a powerful and effective tool that may facilitate the body’s own healing mechanism.

There are several documented benefits these include:

  • Weight loss
  • Normalisation of blood pressure
  • Normalisation of blood glucose
  • Normalisation of cholesterol levels
  • Improvement in circulation
  • Remission of type 2 diabetes
  • Reduction in side-effects of chemotherapy
  • Reduced risk of cancer & cardiovascular disease
  • Reduced risk of heart attack and stroke
  • Reduction in back and neck pain

How Long Should You Fast?

Short-term water fasts last between three and five days.  Prior to fasting you should undergo a physical examination by a qualified doctor or naturopath to ensure your safety during the fast. Some tests may be carried out and medications or chronic illnesses will be considered before commencing a fast.

Longer fasts can be beneficial in terms of chronic illness, but in these cases supervision by a qualified practitioner or physician is essential in order to continually monitor your health.

Possible Side Effects

Fasting creates a situation whereby there are low concentrations of toxic waste in the circulation. This is sensed by the plasma membrane of each cell which triggers the cells to release their toxic waste.

Fasting causes this to happen suddenly which can result in mild systemic toxaemia as the system attempts to cleanse itself. During fasting you might expect to experience brief but mild side effects which may include:

  • Headaches
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Heart palpitations
  • Coated tongue
  • Bad breath
  • Diarrhoea
  • Bloating
  • Joint pain
  • Skin rashes
  • Irritability
  • Depression

Normal bodily reactions to fasting include reduced blood pressure and heart rate, and a decrease in body temperature and respiratory rate. This is part and parcel of the body’s attempts to conserve energy.

It appears that the most difficult part of fasting is between 18 and 48 hours after withdrawing food. This is when the body is experiencing the change from carbohydrate burning to fat burning.

Safety Issues

Fasting is not appropriate for everyone. This includes pregnant individuals or those at or under ideal body weight. Patients with extreme weakness, some types of cancer, kidney problems, psychological disorders, anorexia, bulimia or eating disorders, as well as the elderly and very young children.

Long term strict water fasting may also carry a risk for heart failure. This is because the body’s cellular stores of electrolytes that are necessary for heart function like potassium and magnesium become depleted throughout the fast even though levels in the blood may remain normal. Ultimately this can lead to organ dysfunction – increasing the chances of a fatal reduction in cardiac, immune or renal function.

It may be possible to avoid this by supplementing with the electrolytes: sodium, potassium, phosphate, calcium and magnesium during long-term water fast. These minerals are essential for balancing fluid levels in the body and may also prevent one of the biggest dangers of extreme fasting: ‘Refeeding syndrome’.

Breaking the Fast

Refeeding syndrome is a potentially fatal condition that can happen if you rapidly introduce too much food following an extended water fast.

Suddenly changing from ketosis (where the body burns fat for energy) to carbohydrate based foods triggers a rush of insulin from the pancreas which helps the body to utilise the carbohydrates.

For this to happen the body draws upon large quantities of phosphate, magnesium, potassium and several vitamins, which can lead to acute deficiencies resulting in heart failure, hypotension and sudden death.

It is therefore extremely important to break the fast correctly. Ideally the first two days following a fast should include easily digested foods, beginning with juices, then raw vegetables and fruit, followed by a variety of cooked and raw whole foods. High fat foods are not recommended initially as these may not be well tolerated straight after a fast.

The Fasting Mimicking Diet (FMD)

Water – only fasting can be hard for people to stick to and if not carried out under the supervision of trained health practitioners, it can be potentially dangerous, especially in combination with different types of drugs such as metformin, insulin etc.

The FMD offers the same health benefits of a water only fast but without the risks or hardship.

Scientist Valter Longo, a professor in Gerontology and Biological Science at the University of Southern California, has developed a complex diet that triggers extreme metabolic changes in the body. These mechanisms promote the same health benefits and anti-ageing effects associated with water fasting.

Professor Longo is considered a worldwide leading expert on prolongation of lifespan and longevity – his fasting mimicking diet has been rigorously researched, which makes it a very attractive option for those who want to improve their health, live longer and potentially lose weight into the bargain!

The FMD regime has been shown to reduce insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1), which in high levels has been associated with an increased risk of cancer. Research has also shown that prolonged fasting as in FMD has a profound effect on the immune system, kick starting stem cells to regenerate new white blood cells, which enhances our ability to fight disease.

Scientist believe the healing benefits mentioned above are due to a process in the body known as autophagy where cells recycle themselves – a vital function for maintaining health and longevity. It seems fasting has the power to increases this mechanism.

Both animal and human studies carried out by Prof Longo found that five days on the FMD regime reduced visceral belly fat and boosted generation of new nerve cells, improving memory, learning and cognitive function as well as decreasing the risk factors and biomarkers for aging, cancer, heart disease and diabetes. With the added bonus of no side effects!

Participants in the FMD human studies found that not only did they lose weight, but they had improved energy, less abdominal fat, softer skin and were better able to control their food intake. Even though they returned to their regular eating habits between fasting they still saw positive changes.

The FMD method should be followed for 5 days at a time as the body needs at least three or four days before reprogramming itself, so that regeneration and rejuvenation can commence. To continue to gain the health benefits the diet should be followed once every 3-6 months – depending on an individual’s state of health.

On average you can expect to lose approximately 3{0ad5881c2192913025db5bf2180b2e0b17ede26560c7c351a451156c0b06bc98} of your overall weight during the 5 day FMD. The diet also promotes fast fat loss whilst preserving lean muscle and bone mass.

Dietary Details of the FMD

The diet consists of between 34{0ad5881c2192913025db5bf2180b2e0b17ede26560c7c351a451156c0b06bc98} to 54{0ad5881c2192913025db5bf2180b2e0b17ede26560c7c351a451156c0b06bc98} of normal adult daily calorie intake.

The average man needs around 2,500 calories a day and a woman needs around 2000 calories a day, depending on age, metabolism and physical activity.

Additionally the FMD should be made up of 9-10{0ad5881c2192913025db5bf2180b2e0b17ede26560c7c351a451156c0b06bc98} protein, 56{0ad5881c2192913025db5bf2180b2e0b17ede26560c7c351a451156c0b06bc98} fat and 34{0ad5881c2192913025db5bf2180b2e0b17ede26560c7c351a451156c0b06bc98} carbohydrate.

The days are split into:

Day one – 1,090 calories (9{0ad5881c2192913025db5bf2180b2e0b17ede26560c7c351a451156c0b06bc98} protein)

Days 2-5 – 725 calories (10{0ad5881c2192913025db5bf2180b2e0b17ede26560c7c351a451156c0b06bc98} protein)

The diet has been put together carefully to contain exactly the right amounts of nutrients so it doesn’t feel like a fast but still gives the same health benefits.

The idea that fasting or restricting calories can extend life has been studied by many. However the FMD places less of a stress on the body than complete water fasting and supplies most of the carbohydrates in the form of vegetables.

The advantage of vegetables is that they have far more phytonutrients and minerals than grain sourced carbohydrates so have greater health benefits.

Following the FMD twice a year, combined with regular exercise and a healthful diet that includes lots of fresh vegetables, oily fish, nuts and seeds and plenty of olive oil should make a huge difference to general health and longevity.

About the author…
Jackie Newson , BSc (Hons) Nutritional Therapy, is a nutritional consultant providing dietary analysis for recipes and menu plans and assess nutritional therapy students on line.


  1. The 6 Principles. [Accessed 5.6.17.]
  2. Brandhorst et al. A periodic diet that mimics fasting promotes multi-system regeneration, enhanced cognitive performance and health span. Cell Metab. 2015, 22; 1: 86-99.
  3. Buhner SH (2003). The Foundation for Gaian Studies. The Health Benefits of Water Fasting. [Accessed 7.6.17.]
  4. Government of India. Ministry of Ayush. Fasting Therapy.
  5. Gustafson C., Goldhamer A. Water Fasting—The Clinical Effectiveness of Rebooting Your Body. Integrative Medicine: A Clinician’s Journal. 2014; 13(3):52-57.
  6. Institute of Medicine of the National Academies (2005). Dietary Reference Intakes for Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride and Sulphate. The National Academies Press: Washington DC.
  7. Lee C et al. Fasting cycles retard growth of tumours and sensitize a range of cancer cell typesto chemotherapy. Sci Transl Med. 2012, 4; 124: 124-7.
  8. LeMaho Y & Lignot JH. A History of Modern Research into Fasting, Starvation, and Inanition. Comparative Physiology of Fasting, Starvation, and Food Limitation 2012; 2:7-23.
  9. Lipski E (2004). Digestive Wellness. McGraw-Hill: NY USA.
  10. Longo VD & Mattson MP. Fasting: molecular mechanisms and clinical applications. Cell Metab. 2014; 19:181-92.
  11. Metabolic Effect. Naturopathic Water Fasting.
  12. Wei et al. Fasting-mimicking diet and markers/risk factors for aging, diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular disease. Transl. Med. 2017, 9: 1-12.

Gall Bladder and Gallstones

in Nutrition /by Jeff Apthorp

I thought I was having a heart attack. The pain and pressure in my chest and shoulders were unbearable. Should I call 911 or try to drive to the hospital? Or was this just the worst indigestion ever?

That’s what I experienced a handful of times prior to having my gallbladder removed. It was horrible and I just wanted it to never happen again.

I scheduled an ultrasound and it showed gallstones. The surgeon recommended a laparoscopic Cholecystectomy. That’s what they call the surgery to remove a gallbladder.

The day of the surgery, I wanted to call it off because I had no symptoms and felt great.

They never told me surgery wasn’t necessary and that I would have impaired ability to digest fat for the rest of my life.

I learned much later that surgery is rarely necessary. Gallbladder problems can usually be reversed and there are simple dietary changes that will help protect the little guy.

Here’s how to protect your gallbladder and what you MUST do if your gallbladder has been removed.

Gallbladder surgery is common but usually unnecessary

Over the past thirty years, there’s been a 20{0ad5881c2192913025db5bf2180b2e0b17ede26560c7c351a451156c0b06bc98} increase in the number of people suffering from gallbladder problems. It is estimated that 10-15{0ad5881c2192913025db5bf2180b2e0b17ede26560c7c351a451156c0b06bc98} of the US population (20-25 million people) have gallbladder complications (usually gallstones) that lead to 1.8 million hospital visits and $6.2 billion dollars in healthcare costs annually.

The common “solution” to gallbladder problems is surgery. There are over 750,000 cholecystectomies annually in the US.

Dr. Joseph Mercola doesn’t pull any punches in describing how this currently works in conventional medicine:

“I believe it is nearly criminal what traditional medicine is doing to our public when it comes to managing this problem. It is RARELY ever indicated to remove someone’s gallbladder. If one ignores warning symptoms and does not address the reasons why their gallbladder is not functioning properly, then the disease can progress to the point where the pancreas is inflamed or the gallbladder is seriously infected and may have to be removed to save a person’s life.  However, it is important to have a proper perspective here. Nearly ONE MILLION gallbladders are removed every year in this country and it is my estimate that only several thousand need to come out.

So, not only are surgeons removing these organs unnecessarily but in their nutritional ignorance, they are telling patients that their gallbladders do not serve any purpose and they can live perfectly well without them. This is a lie.”

Advanced Functional Medicine Nutritionist, Tom Malterre adds, “Unfortunately, 10-33{0ad5881c2192913025db5bf2180b2e0b17ede26560c7c351a451156c0b06bc98} of people who get their gallbladder taken out never resolve their symptoms of gallbladder disease; and in fact, those who have their gallbladder removed may suffer from a whole new set of symptoms like fat malabsorption and vitamin deficiencies after surgery.”

Dr. Mercola has observed the same. “In my experience, more than half the time the gallbladder is taken out, the patient’s pain that prompted the surgery still remains. This is because the surgeon never fixed the problem. They only treated the symptom.”

Out of nearly 1 million annual gallbladder surgeries in the US, only a few thousand are needed.

The gallbladder serves an important digestive function

The gallbladder is a four-inch sac located just below and behind the liver. It stores bile.

Dr. David Williams is a medical researcher, biochemist, and chiropractor. He explains, “Bile acids are produced from cholesterol in your liver and then flow into your gallbladder where they are stored and concentrated as much as fivefold.” He says, “With a healthy gallbladder, proper amounts of bile are released into the digestive tract as needed.”

According to, Tom Malterre, “bile is made up of: “97{0ad5881c2192913025db5bf2180b2e0b17ede26560c7c351a451156c0b06bc98} water, 0.7{0ad5881c2192913025db5bf2180b2e0b17ede26560c7c351a451156c0b06bc98} bile salts (cholesterol that interacts with hydroxylation/CYP450 enzymes and has either glycine or taurine attached to it), 0.51{0ad5881c2192913025db5bf2180b2e0b17ede26560c7c351a451156c0b06bc98} fats (i.e. cholesterol, phospholipids), 0.2{0ad5881c2192913025db5bf2180b2e0b17ede26560c7c351a451156c0b06bc98} bilirubin (derived from heme- the substance in red blood cells), and a trace amount of inorganic salts (i.e. potassium, sodium bicarbonate).”

About half of the bile released goes to the small intestine. The other half is stored in the gallbladder until needed.

Tom Malterre explains, “As food travels out of the stomach and into the small intestines (duodenum), cells that line the intestinal walls “sense” the fats and amino acids in the food and release a hormone called CCK (cholecystokinin/Chole= bile, Cysto= sac, Kinin= mover). This bile sac-moving hormone signals the gallbladder to squeeze forcing the bile into the upper intestines where it helps to digest fats found in foods. Simultaneously, CCK also signals digestive enzymes to be released from the pancreas.”

Dr. Williams simplifies, “As your body senses the movement of fat into the small intestine, the gallbladder releases the bile to emulsify the fat—making it easier to absorb.”

Bile does to fats what dish detergent does to grease. It’s an emulsifier. Bile breaks down fats into teeny tiny droplets, which gives fat-digesting enzymes more surface area upon which to do their work.

90 to 95 percent of the bile squirted into the digestive system is reabsorbed by the large intestines and returned to the liver, where it is reused as many as twenty times.

Your gallbladder is vital for digestion. It releases bile when needed to make fat absorb.

If your gallbladder is diseased or removed, you won’t absorb fat or excrete cholesterol properly

Dr. David Williams summarizes, “With a healthy gallbladder, proper amounts of bile are released into the digestive tract as needed. Without a gallbladder, there is a continuous trickle of bile into your system regardless of the presence or absence of fat. The failure to match bile output to fat presence jeopardizes one’s ability to properly digest fat and, eventually, leads to deficiencies in fat-soluble vitamins and essential fatty acids, poor cholesterol metabolism, and the absorption of improperly digested fat globules.”

Here’s what you can expect if you are not digesting fat properly.

Deficiencies in fat-soluble vitamins

Proper digestion of fat is required to absorb the fat-soluble vitamins, which include A, D, E and K.

Vitamin A contributes to immune function, healthy vision, and proper cell growth.

Vitamin A comes in two forms. Both require bile for absorption.

According to Dr. Mercola:

  • “Retinol is preformed vitamin A, found in animal products such as grass-fed meat and poultry, liver, fish, and raw organic dairy products like butter. This is the form of vitamin A your body can actually use.”
  • “Beta-carotene is pre-vitamin A, found in plant foods like fruits and vegetables. In order for your body to actually use beta-carotene, it must first convert it into retinol, and to do this, you need to have a well-functioning digestive tract and sufficient bile produced by your gallbladder. Specific enzymes are also needed to break down the carotene for the conversion into retinol to occur.”

Putting grass fed butter or drizzling coconut or olive oil on veggies, helps you absorb fat soluble vitamins – when you have enough bile present to emulsify the fat.

Signs of Vitamin A deficiency:

  •          Dry eyes
  •          Drying, scaling, and follicular thickening of the skin
  •          Night blindness
  •          Red or white acne-like bumps (on your cheeks, arms, thighs, and buttocks)
  •          Respiratory infections

Cells can only produce vitamin A receptors with the assistance of magnesium and zinc.

Vitamin D is critically important for cell function. It is one of the most potent cancer inhibitors. Vitamin D3 sends messages to our genes to control many different functions including preventing cancer, reducing inflammation, boosting mood, easing muscle aches and fibromyalgia, and building bones.

The best way to get vitamin D is from the sun. As soon as the sun’s UVB rays hit your skin, the body produces it’s own vitamin D3. UVB waves are highest at midday so the ideal time for sun exposure is between 10 AM and 4 PM.

Keep in mind that fully activated vitamin D3 (calcitriol) is useless in the absence of magnesium. Zinc also interacts with vitamin D, and it appears they promote each other’s intestinal absorption.

Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to a strikingly diverse array of common chronic diseases, including:

  •          Alzheimer’s disease
  •          Asthma
  •          Autism
  •          Cancer
  •          Cavities
  •          Cold and fly
  •          Crohn’s disease
  •          Cystic fibrosis
  •          Diabetes 1 and 2
  •          Dementia
  •          Depression
  •          Eczema & Psoriasis
  •          Hearing loss
  •          Hypertension
  •          Heart disease
  •          Infertility
  •          Inflammatory Bowel Disease
  •          Insomnia
  •          Macular degeneration
  •          Migraines
  •          Multiple Sclerosis
  •          Muscle pain
  •          Obesity
  •          Osteoporosis
  •          Periodontal disease
  •          Preeclampsia
  •          Red or white acne-like bumps (on your cheeks, arms, thighs, and buttocks)
  •          Rheumatoid arthritis
  •          Septicemia
  •          Seizures
  •          Schizophrenia
  •          Signs of aging
  •          Tuberculosis

Vitamin E is a potent antioxidant and immune system booster that has a number of cancer-fighting properties.

Vitamin E can do more harm than good for smokers, children with autism and people with a certain a mutated gene. Therefore, it’s best not to supplement unless under the supervision of a qualified practitioner. Food, not a supplement, is your best source of vitamin E. Dietary sources of vitamin E include raw organic nuts, such as hazelnuts, almonds, walnuts, and pecans. You also get vitamin E from legumes and green vegetables, like spinach and broccoli.

Vitamin E deficiency signs include:

  •          asthma and allergies
  •          brain damage
  •          cancer
  •          cognitive decline
  •          high oxidized LDL cholesterol levels
  •          hot flashes
  •          menstrual pain
  •          poor circulation
  •          prostate and breast cancers

Avoid synthetic vitamin E (tocopheryl), as it will not provide your body with the benefits that natural full-spectrum vitamin E will.

Vitamin K

Vitamin K1 is most well-known for the role it plays in blood clotting.The initial discovery was reported in a German scientific journal, where it was called Koagulationsvitamin. That’s where the “K” comes from. K-rich foods include spinach, kale, collards, and mustard greens.

Vitamin K2 is also essential. Its role is to help move calcium into proper areas of your body, like bones and teeth. It also helps remove calcium from areas where it shouldn’t be, like arteries and soft tissues. K2 is prevalent in fermented vegetables like sauerkraut.

Raw dairy products such as certain cheeses, raw butter, and kefir also contain high amounts. However, only grass-fed animals (not grain fed) will develop naturally high K2 levels. This is one of the several reasons why I only use grass-fed butter in my coffee.

Vitamin K3 is a synthetic form and not recommended.

Vitamin K deficiency can lead to:

  •          Arterial calcification
  •          Cardiovascular disease
  •          Dementia
  •          Infectious diseases such as pneumonia
  •          Leukemia
  •          Liver cancer
  •          Lung cancer
  •          Osteoporosis
  •          Prostate cancer
  •          Tooth decay
  •          Varicose veins

According to Dr. Mercola, “Vitamins A and D also cooperate to regulate the production of certain vitamin K-dependent proteins. Once vitamin K2 activates these proteins, they help mineralize bones and teeth, protect arteries and other soft tissues from abnormal calcification, and protect against cell death. Magnesium, calcium, vitamin D3, or vitamin K2 also work in tandem, so if you’re considering taking one, you need to take all the others into consideration as well.”

Deficiency in vitamin B-12

The connection between B-12 and bile from the gallbladder is that it takes a lot of stomach acid to to break down this essential B vitamin.

Vitamin B-12 is generally found in all animal foods (except honey). Contrary to rumors, there are no reliable, unfortified plant sources of vitamin B-12.

Vitamin B-12 (cobalamin) is known as the energy vitamin.

Chris Kresser explains why B-12 is important: “Vitamin B12 works together with folate in the synthesis of DNA and red blood cells. It’s also involved in the production of the myelin sheath around the nerves, and the conduction of nerve impulses. You can think of the brain and the nervous system as a big tangle of wires. Myelin is the insulation that protects those wires and helps them to conduct messages.”

Dr. Mercola warns, “And oral B-12 supplementation will not address this issue as they will not break down in your stomach if acid production is low. In fact, if you are one of the people taking these proton pump inhibitors or H2 blockers, the primary way your body can effectively absorb the B-12 that it needs is through inter-muscular injections.”

Signs of vitamin B-12 deficiency:

  •          Alzheimer’s, dementia, cognitive decline and memory loss (referred to as “aging”)
  •          Autism spectrum disorder
  •          Autoimmune disease and immune dysregulation
  •          Balance issues
  •          Bloating
  •          Cancer
  •          Cardiovascular disease
  •          Constipation
  •          Delusions
  •          Depression
  •          Diarrhea
  •          Fatigue
  •          Headaches
  •          Impulse control problems
  •          Infertility
  •          Learning or developmental disorders in kids
  •          Loss of appetite
  •          Mental illness (depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, psychosis)
  •          Multiple sclerosis (MS) and other neurological disorders
  •          Nausea
  •          Pins and needles in the extremities
  •          Shortness of breath that results from only very light exertion
  •          Vomiting
  •          Weight loss
  •          White spots on the skin (typically the forearm) due to decreased melatonin

Deficiencies in essential fatty acids

There are two essential fatty acids, alpha-linolenic acid (an omega-3 fatty acid) and linoleic acid (an omega-6 fatty acid).

Dr. Mercola says, “High-quality fats–especially omega-3 fats — are essential for good health and if you don’t have a gallbladder you will have an impaired ability to absorb them.”

Most Americans eat too many inflammatory omega-6 fats (think processed vegetable oils) and too few anti-inflammatory omega-3s, which sets the stage for a number of health problems.

The ideal ratio is 1:1 (Omega-3 to Omega-6), but the typical Western diet is between 1:20 and 1:50.

The plant-based form of omega-3 is alpha-linolenic acid (ALA). Recent studies show ALA is extremely inefficient. Less than 1{0ad5881c2192913025db5bf2180b2e0b17ede26560c7c351a451156c0b06bc98} is converted to EPA and DHA for use by the body. Sources of ALA include flaxseed oil, canola oil, English walnuts, and soybean oil.

The animal based forms of omega-3 are eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids (EPA and DHA) and are mainly found in fish, shellfish, and krill. DHA is the primary structural component of your brain and retina, and EPA is its precursor.

DHA is found in cod liver oil, fatty fish, and in smaller concentrations in the organs and fats of land animals.

Signs of fatty acid deficiency:

  •          Allergies
  •          Alzheimer’s disease
  •          Asthma
  •          Bone weakness
  •          Brittle or soft nails
  •          Cancer
  •          Cracked skin on heals or fingertips
  •          Dandruff or dry hair
  •          Dry eyes
  •          Dry Eye Syndrome
  •          Dry, flaky skin, alligator skin, or “chicken skin” on backs of arms
  •          Fatigue
  •          Frequent urination or excessive thirst
  •          Gallstones
  •          Heart disease
  •          Lowered immunity, frequent infections
  •          Lupus erythematosus and other autoimmune diseases
  •          Multiple sclerosis
  •          Parkinson’s disease
  •          Peripheral artery disease
  •          Poor attention span, hyperactivity, or irritability
  •          Poor mood
  •          Poor wound healing
  •          Postpartum depression
  •          Premature birth
  •          Problems learning
  •          Red or white acne-like bumps (on your cheeks, arms, thighs, and buttocks)
  •          Rheumatoid arthritis
  •          Schizophrenia
  •          Tissues and organ inflammation
  •          Ulcerative colitis
  •          Vascular complications from type 2 diabetes

Poor cholesterol regulation

One way the body regulates cholesterol is by excreting excess cholesterol through bile, which is mostly made of cholesterol, second to water.

According to R. A. Bowen DVM Ph.D. from the Department of Biomedical Sciences at

Colorado State University, “Secretion into bile is a major route for eliminating cholesterol. Free cholesterol is virtually insoluble in aqueous solutions, but in bile, it is made soluble by bile acids and lipids like lecithin. Gallstones, most of which are composed predominantly of cholesterol, result from processes that allow cholesterol to precipitate from solution in bile.”

About 50{0ad5881c2192913025db5bf2180b2e0b17ede26560c7c351a451156c0b06bc98} of the cholesterol that passes through the small intestines is targeted for excretion. I learned that from course material published by the University of Washington. Interestingly, the material tells students to use a statin drug (which can actually increase your risk of heart disease because they deplete your body of Coenzyme Q10) along with another drug called ezetimibe, (which has been found to have no medical value). There’s no mention of diet or nutrition, only drugs.

Without a healthy gallbladder, you won’t be able to absorb vitamins A, D, E and K properly.

How gallstones develop

A common way for the problem to begin is with damage to the gut.

Tom Malterre lays out the progression:

“Problems can arise when the gallbladder never receives the signal to squeeze. This leads to a condition known as stasis where bile sits in the gallbladder for long periods of time. If the gallbladder is filled with bile that is laden with high levels of cholesterol, and low levels of phospholipids and bile salts, it can form a supersaturated sludge. This stagnant sludge allows for the perfect environment for crystal-like structures to form that precipitate out of solution.

These structures are known as gallstones and they can cause irritation in the gallbladder. If the stones are large enough, they may get low “Research indicates that both gluten and cow’s milk proteins can cause damage in the intestinal tract that leads to gallbladder stasis. Both foods contain proteins that are capable of exciting immune cells in the intestinal tract that can interfere with CCK signaling by disrupting the intestinal lining.

If the intestines are damaged, and CCK secretion is interrupted, the gallbladder never fully contracts to squeeze out all of the bile.”

lodged in the cystic duct or common bile duct. This leads to the symptoms of what is known as gallbladder attacks.”

Gallstones commonly begin with damage to the gut caused by gluten and cow’s milk protein.

Signs of gallbladder disease

Per Dr. Mercola, “If you have abdominal pain that is immediately below your last rib on your right side and lined up with your right nipple, especially if your press down in that spot, there is a good chance that you have a gallbladder problem.”

The symptoms to look for:

  • Pain when pressing on the gallbladder, which is directly under the last rib on the right on the same plane as one’s nipple. This is usually due to gallbladder “sludge” (thick bile).
  • Upper right quadrant pain in abdomen (may radiate to right shoulder of mid-back)
  • Feeling of fullness in the abdomen
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Chills/sweating
  • Yellowing of the skin or eyes (jaundice)
  • Stone on a gallbladder ultrasound.
  • Greasy stools that are loose and tend to float to the top of the toilet bowl. This indicates improper fat                   absorption.

Signs of gallbladder disease include pain, nausea, chills, sweating, and yellowing of the skin.

How to reverse gallbladder disease without surgery

There are rare instances when the gallbladder really does need to be removed. According to Dr. Mercola, “Although most gallstones dissolve naturally and produce no symptoms, if one ignores warning symptoms and does not address the reasons why their gallbladder is not functioning properly, then the disease can progress to the point where the pancreas is inflamed or the gallbladder is seriously infected and may have to be removed to save a person’s life.”

But if the situation is not life-threatening, here are the steps to try.

  1. Do an Elimination Diet. Tom Malterre describes this step as “by far the most effective therapy for gallbladder issues I have seen.” You can find my free elimination diet here. Though the baseline elimination diet doesn’t require the removal of eggs and nightshades, you will want to eliminate those as well for gall bladder issues.”
  2. Consider a high-quality digestive enzyme supplement. Chris Kresser has recommended Now Super Enzymes. Dave Asprey also strongly recommended taking an animal based enzyme product (not derived from plants that are highly susceptible to mold) and listed the exact ingredients in the Now Super Enzymes. I found them to be the best price so that’s what I take.  Dr. Mercola recommends Beta Plus from Biotics Research.
  3. Eating at least 6 servings of vegetables and 1-2 servings of fruit per day to help to prevent gallstones. The Wellness Repair Diet tells you how many servings to have of each kind of food group.
  4. Eat 1/4 cup of broccoli sprouts per day. This can decrease bilirubin deposits in the gallbladder to reduce the likelihood of gallstone formation.
  5. Eat beets and raw beet juice. Beets are rich in betaine, which stimulates liver cell function and provides a protective effect for the liver and bile ducts.
  6. Consider a curcumin supplement.Tom Malterre say, “Curcumin extracts from turmeric have been shown to stimulate bile formation and gallbladder emptying. Meriva, a supplement of complexed phophatidylcholine and curcumin, has helped many of my clients with gallbladder issues.”
  7. Apple cider vinegar contains malic acid which can help to soften any gallstones as well as thin out the bile over time. Take a few teaspoons to tablespoons in some water prior to meals regularly for a time.
  8. Eat artichokes. According to Dr. Williams, “Leaves from the artichoke plant contain caffeylquinic acids, which promote bile flow. The simplest and least expensive way to benefit from these compounds is to eat the artichoke leaves. They’re easy to both prepare and eat.”
  9.  Bitters stimulate your liver to produce more bile and work more efficiently. Many cultures around the world begin meals with a quick burst of bitters. Some will drink a tea made from bitter herbs like dandelion or milk thistle. Others will simply chow down on a small salad filled with bitter herbs like chicory, arugula, radicchio, or even peppermint (peppermint is considered a bitter). Small doses of bitters should be consumed about 15 minutes or so before meals.
  10. Regular exercise is a great proactive prevention step.

What you must do if your gallbladder has been removed

Your liver is trickling bile, but none is being stored for when needed. (Scroll back up to see the long list of digestive problems this causes if you missed it.)

I like the way Amy Berger from Tuit Nutrition describes bile secretion from the liver without a properly working gallbladder storage tank: “It’s like a leaky faucet that drips constantly, but that you can never get to turn on full blast when you need to.”

Dr. Mercola recounts, “I have seen many hundreds of patients who have had their gallbladders removed and I don’t recall anyone ever telling me that their surgeon advised them to do something to compensate for removing this important organ.”

There is something you can do.

If you have your gallbladder removed, you will probably need to take a bile supplement with every meal for the rest of your life.

I take Now Super Enzymes because they contain Ox bile, Betaine HCl, and Lipase. I highly recommend using the capsule form and not tablets. I ordered the tablets once and found them to leave a terrible taste in my mouth for an hour. No issues at all with the capsules.

Dr. Mercola: “Anyone who has had their gallbladder removed will need to take some form of bile salts with every meal for the rest of their life if they wish to prevent a good percentage of the good fats they eat from being flushed down the toilet. If one does not have enough fats in the diet, their entire physiology will be disrupted, especially the ability to make hormones and prostaglandins.”

Dr. David Williams: “…there is one step every patient should take: Use bile salt supplements regularly.”

Among the functional medicine doctors, I found the most recommendations for ox bile. This is exactly what it sounds like. It’s the bile from oxen. Consider it your gallbladder in a bottle.

Ox bile should be taken just a few minutes before eating a meal or taking supplements containing fat.

If you take too much, the usual result is diarrhea. If that happens, just reduce your dosage.

One other consideration is that some fats are easier than others for people without a gallbladder. Chris Kresser advises, “Coconut oil is a very good fat for people without a gallbladder because it doesn’t require bile acids for absorption, so it’s rapidly absorbed in the upper part of the small intestine, and it’s transported directly to the liver via the portal vein.  These are medium-chain triglycerides that I’m talking about, and in fact, they’ve used in hospital tube-feeding formulas, you know, for people who have had surgery on their intestine or have had parts of their intestine removed because they’re so easy to digest and absorb.  So, coconut oil is definitely your friend if you’re lacking a gallbladder.”

Key Takeaways

  • Your gallbladder plays a vital role in digestion. Without it, your ability to absorb fat, and the fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K, is greatly impaired.
  • Gallbladder disease can usually be reversed with diet and it is very rare for someone to need gallbladder surgery. The only time gallbladder surgery is needed is when the disease has progressed so far that the patient’s life is threatened.
  • If you have already had your gallbladder removed, you can simulate its vital function. You will need to take a digestive enzyme supplement containing ox bile a few minutes prior to every meal containing fat.
  • I take Now Super Enzymes because they contain Ox bile, Betaine HCl, and Lipase. I noticed much-improved digestion in a day. Within a week I was complemented twice on my skin tone and told the wrinkles on my face was going away.
  • Gallbladder dysfunction is almost always a symptom of an underlying cause that will continue to attack other organs and manifest as chronic conditions like obesity, acne, carpal tunnel, rheumatoid arthritis, anxiety, depression, seasonal allergies and hundreds of others.

If you know someone having gallbladder trouble or who has already had theirs removed, will you pass this on to them?

Blood Drop

A Typical Live Blood Analysis Case

A male client of 54 years of age who is on medication for high blood pressure and arthritis. He is complaining of fatigue, headaches and sinus problems.

His diet is not very balanced and includes a lot of sandwiches, wheat-based cereal and some fast food. He drinks 2 glasses water daily on average, some soft drinks and coffee.

This is what showed in his live blood analysis:

Uric Acid

Uric Acid Crystals

Grade: 4/5

These occur as a result of poor digestion of dietary protein and/or poor elimination of uric acid. The system is acidic and some degree of inflammation may be present.

Grade: 4/5
Indicative of oxidative damage / free radical damage from a state of toxicity and/or dehydration. Poor elimination of intrinsic toxins / high exposure to extrinsic toxins / pollutants, drugs / prescription medicine

Grade: 2/5
Usually associated with chronic conditions and the presence of bacterial phases of the ecological balance. This is due to an acidic and unbalanced terrain.

Grade: 4/5
Represent advanced parasitism and ecological imbalance, due to a chronically acidic and unbalanced terrain

Bowel Pattern
Observed in Layers 6, 7 Grade: 3/5
This appearance is seen with bowel challenges that may include bowel inflammation (colitis, enteritis), leaky gut syndrome, strictures, diverticula, IBS and poor tissue integrity.

Segmented PPP’s
Observed in Layers: 6, 7
Grade: 2/5
Usually associated with parasitic infestation of the liver – usually by liver flukes.

Sialic Acid in PPP 
Observed in Layers: 4, 5 & 6
Grade: 2/5
This pattern is connected to a high level of cellular damage through oxidation / free radical damage. There may be connective tissue or joint problems and possible degeneration.

Toxicity Pattern 
Observed in Layers: 4, 5 & 6
Grade: 4/5 
This is an indication of toxicity in areas outside of the organs and lymphatic system.

Connective Tissue Pattern
Observed in Layer 3 
Grade: 4/5
An indication of high levels of acidity / toxicity in the connective tissues. Usually a coping mechanism to deal with chronic acidity / toxicity

Lymphatic Congestion
Observed in Layers: 1 & 2 
Grade: 4/5
An indication of lymphatic congestion, sore or swollen lymph nodes (‘glands’) fluid imbalance and water retention. Connected to acids & toxins in the lymphatic system.


Many years of prescription medication has left a print of toxicity in this clients system, as evident in both the live and dry blood analysis.
An abundance of poikilocytes and a brownish uric acid crystal shows toxicity.
This was echoed with a toxicity pattern appearing in 3 layers of the dry blood along with the “toxins outside of organs” region and also lymphatic congestion, indicating toxins being deposited in the tissue.
There are also strong signs of acidity which would be contributing to his joint pain and inflammation.
Uric acid crystals, thecits and actively motile chondrits indicate that his internal terrain is unbalanced and possibly becoming too acidic.
In the dry blood, seeing sialic acid inside the PPPs show further evidence to acidity that would cause joint pain.
A segmented PPP and black bulges indicate the possibility of parasite infestation (most likely liver flukes).


Quite a lot can be achieved here by some basic dietary changes, like increasing water intake, eating more of a natural, balanced diet and avoiding fast foods, alcohol and caffeine.
We suggested a 2-week detox diet, (with fresh juicing if possible).

Adding lots of alkaline vegetables to his diet and an alkaline-forming supplement, such as Chlorella, Barley grass or an Alkalizing powder.
His unhealthy lifestyle choices has influenced his health and he needs motivation to change his habits radically.
Live Blood Analysis provided the visual proof needed which gave him the motivation to make changes.
Most importantly we looked at an anti-parasite protocol to clear those liver flukes.
The flukes release toxins and acidic by-products, which would aggravate the other anomalies and add to the acidity.

Join us for the Fascinating Live Blood Analysis Online Training Course Now!

Crystal Formation (Plaque) Observed in Live Blood Analysis

Many different types of crystal formations can be observed in live blood samples and vary greatly in size, shape and colour.


They always appear as solid objects that are usually much larger than red blood cells.

Crystal formation in the blood is a sclerotic process that is related to inflammation. The presence of crystalline forms is often associated with high blood pressure, plaque and atherosclerosis. There are often white blood cells attached and attracted to crystal formations in the blood, attempting to engulf the crystals.

This is a favourable sign and an indication of an active immune system.

“Dealing Cholesterol Crystals in the blood” is taken from the 500+ page Live Blood Online Training Manual 2015



Cholesterol crystals are trapezoidal structures of varying sizes that appear semi-opaque in brightfield and semi-reflective in darkfield.



These trapezoidal crystals are usually associated with atherosclerotic plaque and considered significant if observed during analysis. Their elimination may be stimulated by specific natural treatment protocols.



♦ Indication of possible high serum cholesterol.

♦ Possible excessive saturated fat intake.

♦ Inadequate lipid metabolism due to lipase deficiency.

♦ Atherosclerotic plaque.


Associated Symptoms:

♦ Fatigue

♦ May be asymptomatic (no symptoms)

♦ Poor circulation

♦ Angina


To find out more about; What different coloured crystals indicate, The Pleomorphic Perspective, The Medical Perspective, Protocols & Interventions and Further Investigations – Please join us on the next live blood analysis online training course.

The May Training Course starts May 30th 2017 at 7pm UK time, email us at if you would like us to reserve a place for you.

You will find information about the course here –
You can enroll here or send us an email to request an invoice.

Blood Drop

Why Does Live Blood Analysis Get Such Bad Press?


Click here to watch this short video where Dr Okker from Live Blood Online discusses the reasons why live blood analysis (LBA) gets such bad press along with the scientific evidence for LBA .

Some of the reasons that live blood analysis is not recognized are:

Firstly, LBA is described as a diagnostic tool which it is not.

LBA is a means of looking at “the terrain” to see the toxicity levels of the body.

The medical establishment diagnoses and medicates whereas LBA looks at the body holistically on a cellular level and looks for causes of any imbalances seen.

Secondly, the medical establishment does not recognize many of the anomalies seen in live blood analysis seen such as yeast overgrowth/candida, heavy metal toxicity, parasites, bacterial forms in the blood.

Watch the video to learn more

Red blood cells overlapping tightly in a “curved coin roll” appearance. Indicative of digestive imbalance and intestinal stress due to enzyme deficiencies or inappropriate diet.

Indicative of digestive imbalance and intestinal stress due to enzyme deficiencies or inappropriate diet. This includes consumption of fast food, “dead food” and foods not suitable for the blood type.


Rouleau is French for “rolls”. The term has been derived from the appearance of the RBCs in this condition.

Strings of overlapping RBC’s. RBC’s stacked on top of one another.

RBCs overlapping in a “curved coin roll” appearance

Very tightly stacked RBCs in long strands throughout the sample.

The RBCs can appear flattened out like stacked books.This is a much more serious finding and indicates severe digestive imbalance, chronic degenerative disease, advanced endobiosis or all three.



In most samples, there will be some rouleau formations (usually at the periphery). However, when we see rouleau in the majority of the sample, with only a small percentage of RBCs not overlapping, the finding is significant. The degree of overlapping may also vary from loosely stacked cells (mild rouleau) to very tightly stacked cells (severe rouleau), as illustrated in the picture.



♦ Digestive Imbalance / Intestinal Stress.

♦ This is the worst stage of protein linkage and indicates hyperviscosity (“thick blood”).

♦ It correlates with excess protein in the blood due to poor protein digestion and assimilation.

This stems from either excess dietary protein or from an under-active exocrine pancreas (low proteolytic enzyme production).

♦ Irritable bowel syndrome, colitis.

♦ Eating the wrong foods for the blood type, e.g. wheat consumption by type O’s, beef consumption by type A’s, etc.

♦ Food sensitivities.

♦ Intestinal dysbiosis (deficient probiotic bacteria).

♦ Can be an indication of severe degenerative disease.

♦ Other causes may include: stress, coffee, cigarettes, carbonated caffeinated drinks, excess meat and refined sugar.

♦ Zeta potential may be off (inflammation, over-acidity and increased protein level in blood).

♦ Dehydration, not drinking enough water.


Associated Symptoms:

♦ Poor appetite or a heavy/bloated sensation after eating or getting full very quickly.

♦ Heartburn, indigestion or reflux after eating.

♦ Abdominal discomfort, bloating, flatulence, especially getting worse during the course of the day.

♦ Constipation / diarrhea.

♦ Patients with significant rouleau usually complain of fatigue, shortness of breath and signs of poor circulation (cold hands and feet, tingling or numbness). This is because the RBCs ability to pass through the tiny capillaries in a single file is severely compromised when they are stacked on top of each other. The available surface area for the exchange of gases is also significantly reduced.


Pleomorphic Perspective:

The primary parasitic element of the blood, the endobiont, in its many different forms, possesses an inherent urge to merge. When red blood cells become infested with the higher valence growth forms of the primary parasite, their urge to merge pulls the RBCs together. Copulation between high valence microorganisms on adjacent RBC membranes accounts for the rouleau formations.

Rouleau is known to be associated with increased ESR, which correlates with hyperviscosity of the blood. Mucor racemosus Fresen is known as the congester as its pathogenic growth forms increase blood viscosity and coagulation. When the RBCs are stuck together the indentations provide an undisturbed environment and nutritional reserves for the upward development of the endobiont. The valence of the microorganisms can be determined by pressing lightly on the cover slip with a pointed object like the tip of a pen. This pressurization of the sample will break up the

RBCs and release higher growth forms hidden in and on the cells.


Medical Perspective:

Peripheral blood smears display rouleau when factors that increase ESR (erythrocyte sedimentation rate) are present. The ESR is increased by any cause or focus of inflammation and is therefore regarded as a non-specific indication of inflammation.

The ESR is governed by the balance between pro-sedimentation factors (mainly fibrinogen) and those factors resisting sedimentation, namely the negative charge of the erythrocytes (zeta potential). When an inflammatory process is present, the increase in fibrinogen, α-globulins, and/or β-globulins in the blood causes red blood cells to stick to each other by interacting with the sialic acid on the RBC surface. The red cells form stacks called ‘rouleau’ that settle faster.

The presence of massive rouleau can be detrimental to patients suffering from occlusive vascular diseases as it causes impairment of blood flow in the small vessels that can compromise the red blood cells’ ability to exchange carbon dioxide and oxygen gases. This results in localized hypoxia and acidosis as well as generalized fatigue and less than optimum performance.

Rouleau formation plays a specific role in the pathogenesis of some disease. Plasma fibrinogen and Immunoglobulins are some of the potent rouleau-inducing agents. Some industrial poisons such as benzene, parathion & carbon tetrachloride not only increase this phenomenon but also cause thrombotic and hemorrhagic manifestations as well. Patients suffering from allergies, infections and severe trauma may exhibit rouleau. Anemia, by increasing the ratio of RBCs to plasma, increases rouleau formation and accelerates sedimentation. Rouleau formation can also occur in association with some lymphoproliferative disorders in which one or moreimmunoglobulins are secreted in high amounts. Rouleau formation can, however, be a normal physiological finding in horses, cats and pigs.

Rouleau of erythrocytes is related to very high serum protein concentrations, generally due to multiple myeloma or to macroglobulinemia. It is also frequently found in many disease states ranging from arthritis, diabetes, myocardial infarction and in patients with increased alcohol intake.



♦ Reduce intake of dietary animal protein to 1g per kg body weight per day (e.g.: a 70kg adult should not exceed 70g animal protein daily).

♦ Do not consume animal protein and simple starch in the same meal.

♦ Eat meals while sitting down, do not rush while eating – remember to chew properly.

♦ Follow the diet relevant to the blood type.

♦ Identify and avoid hidden food sensitivities.

♦ Avoid caffeine, stop smoking.

♦ Test and correct Homocysteine.

♦ Increase water intake. To determine necessary daily water intake (in litres): (Weight in kg ÷ 8) x 0.25.

A combination of the following:

♦ Digestive enzymes taken with main meals.

♦ Betaine Hydrochloride with Pepsin with meals.

♦ Probiotic supplement.

♦ Herbal bitters (e.g. Gentiana) taken before meals. The following is a very effective formula to stimulate digestive enzyme, bile and HCl secretion:

Gentian, Calamus, Dandelion, Centaury, Aniseed, Mugwort and Licorice.

♦ TCM: Si Jun Zi Tang, Bao He Wan, or another digestive formula appropriate to the pattern present in the case.

♦ Vitamin B3, as non-flush Niacin (1000mg daily). Niacin helps to remove excess protein and saturated fat from the blood and stimulates hydrochloric acid production by the stomach.

♦ Trace minerals.

♦ SANUM: Fortakehl, followed by Mucokehl.


Working with Rouleau:

The majority of clients displaying rouleau have some digestive imbalance and digestive symptoms.

Always ask the client about their digestive system and whether they experience any symptoms there. Where symptoms can not be elicited, correlate with other signs to determine the underlying imbalance. Although rouleau may be an indication of advanced degenerative disease, the approach is usually to first attempt to reestablish the correct terrain through nutritional interventions. These include dietary changes (as listed above), digestive enzymes, probiotics, vitamin B3 and alkalinizing formulae (base powders, green powders). Generally, this approach is effective in reversing rouleau. However, if the condition persists, consider further conventional investigations.


Further Investigations:

♦ FBC + differential + ESR

♦ Urea, Electrolytes & Creatinine (UE+C)

♦ LFT + Globulin

♦ Lipogram (fasting) + Homocysteine

♦ Glucose (fasting) + Insulin / GTT (Glucose Tolerance Test) + Insulin

♦ C-reactive protein

♦ D-Dimer (alternative to FDP – Fibrinogen Degradation Products)

♦ Serum protein electrophoresis

♦ Quantitative Immunoglobulins

♦ Immunoelectrophoresis

♦ RF (Rheumatoid Factor) + ANF (Antinuclear Factor)

♦ Cardiac Enzymes (AST + LDH + CK + CKMB + Troponin-T)

♦ Hepatitis Screen

♦ Thyroid Function Test

♦ TNF (Tumor Necrosis Factor) + Tumor markers

♦ Food sensitivity assay (IgG)

♦ IgE + Phadiotop (inhalant allergens) + Fx5 (Food allergy test)


Note: As rouleau may be caused by acute phase protein elevations in the blood, the possibility of serious disease complications exist when it does not respond to nutritional therapy. If rouleau does not disappear after the appropriate nutritional treatment and there is no evident tissue inflammation, tissue damage or tissue necrosis, additional testing can be conducted to rule out arthritis, arthritis, cholecystitis, cirrhosis, diabetes, endocarditis, rheumatic diseases, rheumatic heart disease, hepatitis, hyperthyroidism, chronic infection, nephritis, systemic lupus, ulcer, colitis and neoplastic disease.

Copyright Dr Okker R. Botha, Johannesburg, South Africa, 2009


Parasites as seen in live blood analysis

We are on week 9 of the latest live blood analysis online training course and now studying dry blood analysis. We are now looking at dry blood under the microscope with a higher magnification.

This is where we can see signs of parasites – what we actually see is the toxins that parasites leave behind. This adds to the toxicity of the body.


Large, black ballooned out bulges clearly visible in dry sample.


♦ Indicates the presence of parasites and the need for a parasite cleansing program.

♦ The area in the sample where they are most concentrated may indicate where the parasites are located. (This is where we look at the concentric ring map)